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Measuring the effectiveness and impact of public health and social measures

Public health and social measures (PHSMs) are a key strategy to reduce the transmission of pathogens with epidemic or pandemic potential. PHSMs include non-pharmaceutical interventions that can be taken by individuals, institutions, communities, local and national governments and international bodies to slow or stop the spread of an infectious disease, such as COVID-19. Individuals can, for example, engage in behaviours such as frequent hand washing, covering coughs and sneezes, wearing a mask and keeping a physical distance from other people. Authorities and communities can enact measures such as contact tracing, isolation of cases and contacts, school measures, business closures, restricting public gatherings, travel bans and cordon sanitaire.

PHSMs can prevent individuals from being exposed to the virus, decreasing the number of people who will become sick, require hospitalization or die from the disease. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this has been referred to as flattening the curve. PHSMs reduce the pressure on the healthcare system and buy time to develop pharmaceutical interventions like vaccines and medication. 

PHSMs have significant consequences for individuals and societies, including on health, social and economic aspects. To ensure the intervention burden of PHSMs does not outweigh their benefits, decision-makers need to have a thorough understanding of how the measures work in different contexts, combinations and durations. The World Health Organization has launched a new multi-year initiative to measure the effectiveness and social, health and economic impact of PHSMs during health emergencies. It aims at strengthening the global evidence base on PHSMs to inform the development of action-oriented guidance, mechanisms and tools for decision-makers.     
 

Over 60

global experts

discussed the evidence and next steps to measure PHSMs during a WHO consultation in September 2021

Publications

To learn more about Public Health and Social Measures, please visit our website here. 
This updated report once again brings a spotlight to the immense and tireless global research effort to control COVID-19.The report not only details...
Report of the WHO global technical consultation on public health and social measures during health emergencies
The global technical consultation on public health and social measures (PHSM) during health emergencies took place from 31 August to 2 September...
Considerations for implementing and adjusting public health and social measures in the context of COVID-19
This document is an update to the interim guidance published on 4 November 2020 entitled “Considerations in adjusting public health and social...
Non-pharmaceutical public health measures for mitigating the risk and impact of epidemic and pandemic influenza
Influenza pandemics occur at unpredictable intervals, and cause considerable morbidity and mortality. Influenza virus is readily transmissible from person...
Emergencies Preparedness
The introduction of public health and social measures has been one of the key strategies to curb the transmission of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)....

Resources

Contact

Public Health and Social Measures Secretariat
World Health Organization
Avenue Appia 20
1211 Geneva 27
Switzerland 
Email: [email protected]

 
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