tmtplay net

WHO/S. Volkov
© Credits

Child growth

    Overview

    Child malnutrition is a major public health issue worldwide. An estimated 144 million children under age 5 are stunted, 47 million are wasted and 38.3 million have overweight or obesity. Around 45% of deaths among children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition. Measuring the growth of infants and children is an important part of child health surveillance. Inadequate infant growth due to poor nutrition leads to under-nutrition in children in many low- and middle-income countries, which, if followed later in life by an increased intake of calories, can result in overweight or obesity.

    The WHO Child Growth Standards are a diagnostic tool used to monitor and assess the nutritional status of infants and young children worldwide. By tracking children’s height and body weight, the standards detect children or populations not growing properly, or who are underweight or at risk of overweight, and who may require specific health services or public health responses.

    The WHO Child Growth Standards have charts for boys and girls separated, covering age birth to 5 years. They are used in doctors’ offices, clinics and other health facilities, and by research institutions, child health advocacy organizations and ministries of health

     

    Impact
    Child stunting refers to a child who is too short for his or her age and is the result of chronic or recurrent malnutrition. Stunting is a contributing risk factor to child mortality and is also a marker of inequalities in human development. Child overweight refers to a child who is too heavy for his or her height. This form of malnutrition usually results from expending too few calories for the amount of food consumed or from endocrine disbalances, and it increases the risk of noncommunicable diseases later in life. Child wasting refers to a child who is too thin for his or her height and is the result of recent rapid weight loss or the failure to gain weight. A child who is moderately or severely wasted has an increased risk of death, but treatment is possible. Childhood wasting and overweight are both forms of malnutrition and can coexist in a population. In 2020, wasting (low weight for height) and overweight was found in 6.7% of children under 5 (45.4 million) and 5.7% of children under 5 (38.9 million), respectively.  
    Prevention
    In 2020, 22% of children under age 5 worldwide (149.2 million) suffered from stunting, a decline from 24.4% in 2015. To achieve the target of a 50% reduction in the number of stunted children by 2030, the annual rate of decline must double (to 3.9% per year) from its current annual reduction rate of 2.1% per year. Although malnutrition can manifest in multiple ways, the path to prevention is virtually identical: adequate maternal nutrition before and during pregnancy and while breastfeeding; optimal breastfeeding in the first two years of life; nutritious, diverse and safe complementary foods in early childhood; and a healthy environment, including access to basic health, water, hygiene and sanitation services and opportunities for safe physical activity.Many of these vital pathways to good nutrition are under threat – including due to the COVID-19 pandemic – and have the potential to undermine progress towards ending malnutrition in all its forms. As the world responds to and recovers from the pandemic, urgent action is critical to protect maternal and child nutrition – especially in the most affected regions – and secure a future where the right to nutrition is a reality for every child.

    Latest publications

    All →
    Nurturing care and men’s engagement : thematic brief
    This brief, aimed at policymakers and programme designers, explores what to consider when designing or adapting services to engage men in providing...
    Advocacy brief: nutrition for growth year of action: nine SMART breastfeeding pledges
    This advocacy brief is organized into two separate papers. The first half acts as a standalone briefing that highlights the importance of the Nutrition...
    Levels and trends in child malnutrition: UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: key findings of the 2021 edition
    Child malnutrition estimates for the indicators stunting, wasting, overweight and underweight describe the magnitude and patterns of under- and overnutrition....
    Levels and trends in child malnutrition: UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: key findings of the 2020 edition
    The inter-agency team released new joint estimates for child stunting, overweight, underweight, wasting and severe wasting (March 2020 edition) using the...
    Training
    WHO child growth standards: training course on child growth assessment
    The Training Course on Child Growth Assessment is a tool for the application of the WHO Child Growth Standards. It is intended primarily for health care...
    {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {747 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {747 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {748 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {748 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {749 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {749 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {750 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {750 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {751 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {751 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {752 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {752 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {753 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {753 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {754 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {754 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {755 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {755 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {756 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {756 betting site}| {tether betting}|
    {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {747 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {747 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {748 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {748 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {749 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {749 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {750 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {750 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {751 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {751 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {752 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {752 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {753 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {753 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {754 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {754 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {755 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {755 betting site}| {tether betting}| {porn sex}| {korean porn}| {porn anime}| {porn hub pinay}| {pinoy gay porn}| {747.live casino}| {756 bet}| {derby cockfighting}| {747.live casino login}| {cgebet com}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online}| {online sabong live}| {s888.live sabong online live}| {tether betting}| {tmtplay com}| {tmtplay net}| {tmtplay}| {756 betting site}| {tether betting}|